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From:Thursday, January 10, 2008 10:58 AM -0900
Subject:DHS&EM 10 January 2008 Situation Report 08-010 
To:
Attachments:
STATE OF ALASKA
DIVISION OF HOMELAND SECURITY
AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

SITUATION REPORT 08-010 (as of 11:00 AM, January 10, 2008)

Homeland Security Advisory System – National Level:  Yellow-Elevated
Homeland Security Advisory System – Alaska Level:  Yellow-Elevated
Maritime Security (MARSEC) Level – Level I – Low.
Military installations in Alaska are at FPCON A.
State of Alaska Cyber Security Alert Level: Guarded
World Health Organization Pandemic Phase - Phase 3: No or very limited human-to-human transmission (An Influenza Pandemic situation report, which contains an explanation of the WHO Pandemic Phases, is attached to this situation report and updated every Tuesday)

Threat Level Changes
No change.

State of Alaska Situation
(Updates to this section from previous Situation Report are in Italics)

Rural Alaska Fuel Shortages
The SECC continues to work with communities in rural Alaska that are facing fuel shortages and/or power generation problems.  The SECC is working with local, state and federal agencies and other organizations to ensure that the situation in these communities does not reach the point of becoming a disaster emergency.
Current weather warnings and watches for Alaska can be found at the following National Weather Service web site:  http://www.arh.noaa.gov/

DOT&PF Road Information:  can be found at http://511.Alaska.gov/ or by calling 511.


Homeland Security

Alaska
(Nothing to report)

National
Elite teams prepare for nuclear terrorism. Since the September 11, 2001 attacks the Office of Emergency Response at the National Nuclear Security Administration has created 26 rapid-response units. If a nuclear device is found, two other specialized teams would rush to the scene, one from a base in Albuquerque, New Mexico, where a fueled jetliner is on 24-hour alert, the other from rural Virginia. The teams would first try to disable a bomb’s electrical firing system and then quickly transfer the weapon to the Nevada desert. There, the bomb would be lowered into the G Tunnel, a 5,000-foot shaft, where a crew of scientists and FBI agents would try to disassemble the device behind steel blast doors and log the evidence. About 1,000 nuclear weapons scientists and an additional 500 to 1,000 FBI professionals participate in the effort, though not full time. Increased investment in the project reflects an acknowledgment that the nation is vulnerable to terrorists seeking to plant a nuclear device. The report due next month is a major technical and policy analysis of the approach and is being conducted by some of the nation’s top nuclear-weapons experts. Officials hope that nuclear forensics will allow scientists to assess the size of a detonation within one hour, the bomb’s sophistication within six hours, how its fuel was enriched within 72 hours and the details of national design within a week, said a retired weapons scientist working on the forensics study. Source: January 6, Los Angeles Times –http://www.statesman.com/news/content/news/stories/nation/01/06/0106nuclearteams.html

Entire military tank, bombs found buried near Central Florida school. Workers, who found and detonated more than 400 pounds of World War II-era bombs and munitions near a Central Florida middle school, have discovered an entire military tank buried underground near the campus. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers said about 50 23-pound bombs, several rockets, a rocket booster, and a cannon have been found buried near Odyssey Middle School since December 27. Part of the school grounds was used by the Army in the 1940s to train bombardiers for combat. Three small areas on school grounds still have to be checked for munitions. School leaders and the Army officials said children at the school are safe.
Source: January 7, WKMG 6 Orlando – http://www.local6.com/news/14992012/detail.html

Pacific Rim
Product safety chief targets West Coast ports. Major shipping ports on the West Coast, such as Seattle and Long Beach, California, will be the first targets of a new import surveillance program detailed on Monday by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). The CPSC acting chairman said the program for the first time will permanently assign agency personnel to key ports full-time. The CPSC will combine its surveillance efforts with a new cargo tracking system being implemented along with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection service, which will give CPSC personnel data about “shipments bound for the U.S. even before they leave foreign ports,” with a focus on high-risk products, she said.

International
U.S. Forces In Iraq on Offensive Against al-Qaeda. U.S. and Iraqi forces launched a series of operations on Tuesday targeting al Qaeda in Iraq after an upsurge in suicide bombings which U.S. commanders say are an attempt by the militant group to reignite sectarian violence.  "Working closely with the Iraqi security forces, we will continue to pursue al Qaeda and other extremists wherever they attempt to take sanctuary," said Lieutenant-General Raymond Odierno, in a statement announcing the start of the offensive, dubbed Operation Phantom Phoenix.  Odierno gave few details of the new offensive but said it comprised a "series of joint Iraqi and Coalition division- and brigade-level operations to pursue and neutralize remaining al Qaeda in Iraq and other extremist elements."  

Iraq says refinery’s output not affected by fire. A fire at Iraq’s largest oil refinery, which killed one employee and injured others, has not affected production at the Baiji refinery in northern Iraq, the Oil Ministry said on Tuesday. The refinery was producing fuel and oil derivatives with a capacity of more than 200,000 barrels per day after Monday’s fire, which was sparked by a technical fault. Some units at the refinery had been stopped for precautionary measures but were back online on Tuesday. A chief engineer was killed and many workers injured in the blaze, which engineers at the refinery told Reuters on Monday was caused by an explosion that destroyed the liquefied petroleum gas unit. The ministry statement did not say whether the LPG unit was destroyed. A ministry spokesman said engineers were evaluating the extent of the damage caused by the fire.

The Next Situation Report: will be published as of 11:00 AM, January 11, 2008. A significant change in the situation or the threat level will prompt an interim report. Please direct questions regarding this report to the SECC at 907-428-7100 or secc@ak-prepared.com.

How to reach the Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management: Phone the State Emergency Coordination Center (SECC) by dialing (907) 428-7100 or 1-800-478-2337, 24 hours per day.  Information on emergency topics is available on the Division's web site at http://www.ak-prepared.com.  Homeland Security information may be found at http://www.ak-prepared.com/homelandsecurity/

How to reach the Division of Administration – State Cyber Security Program:  If you have questions you may contact Darrell Davis, State Computer Security Officer darrel.davis@Alaska.gov.

For further information:
Being prepared: Ready.gov
Countries:              U.S. State Department Background Notes.
Maps:           United Nations Cartographic Section
                University of Texas Library Map Section.
                        http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/20120.pdf