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From:Tuesday, January 8, 2008 11:21 AM -0900
Subject:DHS&EM 8 January 2008 Situation Report 08-008 
To:
Attachments:
STATE OF ALASKA
DIVISION OF HOMELAND SECURITY
AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

SITUATION REPORT 08-009 (as of 11:00 AM, January 9, 2008)

Homeland Security Advisory System – National Level:  Yellow-Elevated
Homeland Security Advisory System – Alaska Level:  Yellow-Elevated
Maritime Security (MARSEC) Level – Level I – Low.
Military installations in Alaska are at FPCON A.
State of Alaska Cyber Security Alert Level: Guarded
World Health Organization Pandemic Phase - Phase 3: No or very limited human-to-human transmission (An Influenza Pandemic situation report, which contains an explanation of the WHO Pandemic Phases, is attached to this situation report and updated every Tuesday)

Threat Level Changes
No change.

State of Alaska Situation
(Updates to this section from previous Situation Report are in Italics)

Rural Alaska Fuel Shortages
The SECC continues to work with communities in rural Alaska that are facing fuel shortages and/or power generation problems.  The SECC is working with local, state and federal agencies and other organizations to ensure that the situation in these communities does not reach the point of becoming a disaster emergency.
Current weather warnings and watches for Alaska can be found at the following National Weather Service web site:  http://www.arh.noaa.gov/

DOT&PF Road Information:  can be found at http://511.Alaska.gov/ or by calling 511.

Homeland Security:
Alaska
Two majors to supply more gas in return for Alaska LNG extension. To gain Alaska’s support for an extension of their federal liquefied natural gas export license, ConocoPhillips and Marathon Oil agreed Thursday to take steps to ensure that more Cook Inlet gas will be available for local use. Last spring, Alaska’s governor said she would support extending the license for the Kenai LNG plant beyond 2009 only if the producers agreed to divert gas as needed and to boost their exploration-and-production efforts in south-central Alaska, where most of state’s population is located. ConocoPhillips agreed to drill at least two wells in the Cook Inlet in 2008 and Marathon will drill a minimum of five. They also will make available to third parties their seismic database of local resources. The companies also agreed to give other local producers greater access to the plant in order to spur more production.
Source: January 3, Platts – http://www.platts.com/Natural%20Gas/News/6693635.xml?sub= Natural%20Gas&p=Natural%20Gas/News&?undefined&undefined

National
Microsoft to send out Security Bulletins for Windows. Redmond, WA - Microsoft issued a Security Bulletin Advance Notification indicating that its January release cycle will contain 2 bulletins, one of which have a severity rating of Critical. The notification states that both of the bulletins are for the Windows operating system. The release is scheduled for Tuesday, January 8, 2008.
Coordinated: U.S. Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT)
Source: NICC, Daily Sector Pulse, 4 Jan 08

American Airlines puts anti-missile countermeasures on its aircraft. Passenger jets get anti-missile devices. Tens of thousands of airline passengers will soon be flying on jets outfitted with anti-missile systems as part of a new government test aimed at thwarting terrorists armed with shoulder-fired projectiles. Three American Airlines Boeing 767-200s that fly daily round-trip routes between New York and California will receive the anti-missile laser jammers this spring, according to the Department of Homeland Security, which is spending $29 million on the tests. Jets will fly with the jammer device mounted on the belly of the plane, between the wheels. The device works with sensors, also mounted on the plane that detect a heat-seeking missile and shoot a laser at it to send the missile veering harmlessly off course. Anti-missile systems have been tested on cargo planes. But this is the first time these systems have been tested on actual passenger airlines in commercial service. Officials emphasize that no missiles will be test-fired at the planes, which will fly between New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport and the international airports in Los Angeles and San Francisco.

Pacific Rim
China hackers at it again. Harrisburg, PA – Pennsylvania's state government Web-site was almost completely shut down Friday after a successful infiltration by hackers from China.  A virus traced to a domain registered in China was detected in web systems for the Pennsylvania Departments of Education; Labor and Industry; Military and Veterans Affairs and the Pennsylvania Lottery. To keep the virus from spreading further officials shut down nearly all of the state's websites. There was no evidence of damage and all affected websites were back online Friday afternoon.
Coordinated: U.S. Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT)
Source: NICC, Daily Sector Pulse, 4 Jan 08

International
Military and Iranian sources stress near-shooting incident. Military and Iranian sources stress that the near-shooting incident Sunday, Jan. 26, in which 5 IRGC speedboats made threatening passes against three US Navy vessels in the Strait of Hormuz, was timed precisely by Tehran for the eve of President George W. Bush’s Middle East tour. The provocative “attack” did not fulfill its intended purpose. It was, however highlighted by the following points:
1.      It was an “in your face” gesture by the IRGC to show the US president they were not scared by being declared a global terrorist organization, a step Bush took last year.
2.      The elite Iranian corps was also intent on proving that Iran was the boss of the Strait of Hormuz, the crude oil outlet for Persian Gulf producers – not the US Navy.
3.      A reminder that Iran is able to block the strait at will and throw the world’s oil traffic in disarray.
4.      It is important for the Islamic Republic to show its neighbors on the US president’s itinerary that Iran is the region’s leading power, not the US, and that no deals or issues can be finalized without Tehran’s say-so.
5.      The Iranian speedboats were also a warning to the nations hosting Bush not to risk signing any military pacts that may be directed against Iran.
6.      Tehran has been all ears to pick up every nuance from the White House ahead of the Bush tour. In an interview aired by Israeli television Sunday, Bush said that Iran “was a threat and is a threat” and the US has never given up its military option.
7.      Israeli officials have also leaked a plan to show the visiting president intelligence data to refute the US National Intelligence Estimate’s claim that Iran gave up its nuclear arms program in 2003.
8.      Over the weekend, supreme ruler Ayatollah Ali Khamenei’s senior adviser Ali Larijani went from Cairo to Damascus to discuss the Lebanese crisis. This was meant as a signal to Washington that the problem was susceptible to diplomatic engagement. But when the Iranians heard the Bush interview, they decided to show muscle instead and launched the naval incident in the Strait of Hormuz.
9.      While possibly a coincidence, the naval provocation occurred at the same time as al Qaeda’s American spokesman called on the region’s Muslim to greet the visiting US president with bombs. The two events have combined to add fuel to the climate in the region preparing to welcome President Bush.
Source: DEBKAfile, http://www.debka.com/

The Next Situation Report: will be published as of 11:00 AM, January 9, 2008. A significant change in the situation or the threat level will prompt an interim report. Please direct questions regarding this report to the SECC at 907-428-7100 or secc@ak-prepared.com.

How to reach the Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management: Phone the State Emergency Coordination Center (SECC) by dialing (907) 428-7100 or 1-800-478-2337, 24 hours per day.  Information on emergency topics is available on the Division's web site at http://www.ak-prepared.com.  Homeland Security information may be found at http://www.ak-prepared.com/homelandsecurity/

How to reach the Division of Administration – State Cyber Security Program:  If you have questions you may contact Darrell Davis, State Computer Security Officer darrel.davis@Alaska.gov.

For further information:
Being prepared: Ready.gov
Countries:              U.S. State Department Background Notes.
Maps:           United Nations Cartographic Section
                University of Texas Library Map Section.
                        http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/20120.pdf